South Africa set to spend climate funds on coal hub regeneration

South Africa’s investment plan for the R160 billion ($8.8 billion) pledged in climate finance by some of the world’s richest nations will see part of the money spent in Mpumalanga, the country’s coal-mining and power plant hub.

The Just Energy Transition Investment Plan was approved by the government this week after months of delays, partly caused by the objections of labour unions who fear the switch away from coal will cost tens of thousands of jobs at the operations as well as the enterprises that provide transport and other services to them.

The inclusion of development projects in Mpumalanga is an attempt to cushion that region from the economic impact of facilities closing down.

Almost all of South Africa’s electricity – more than 80% of which comes from coal – is generated in the province. 

There is “a special category for transition in the Mpumalanga province, which we know is currently heavily dependent on coal,” Barbara Creecy, South Africa’s environment minister, said in an interview with Bloomberg Television.

“What is interesting about this plan is the way in which we’ve tried to enshrine the principles of justice in the plan.”

The Just Energy Transition Partnership, agreed in November 2021 at the COP26 climate summit in Glasgow, has been dogged by delays and political infighting in South Africa.

Some politicians and union leaders argue that the country is being used by Western nations to curb climate-warming emissions for which they are historically responsible. 

Today, South Africa is the world’s 14th-biggest producer of greenhouse gases. But its contribution to the stock of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere – which lasts for hundreds of years – is a fraction of that of developed nations such as Germany, the UK and the US. 

The partnership was initially struck between South Africa, the US, the UK, Germany, France and the European Union, with Denmark and the Netherlands joining this year. It’s meant to serve as a prototype for deals also being negotiated with Indonesia, Vietnam and Senegal.

South Africa needs to have the investment plan in place to get the money, and it will be presented at the COP28 summit in Dubai, which starts Nov. 30, Creecy said. 

Finance will also be directed toward renewable energy plants and power transmission lines, green hydrogen, “new energy” vehicles, skills development and bolstering municipal finances to help them cope with the energy transition, she said. South Africa is seeking to build both electric vehicles and exploring the use of fuel cells for transport.


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